Body composition was determined by skinfold measurements. is not the optimal, as it fails to consider cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), which can, at medium to high fitness levels, attenuate the adverse consequences of obesity on health, irrespective of body mass index (BMI).5–7 Growing evidence suggests that improved CRF largely neutralizes the adverse effects of increased adiposity as well as other Outcome measures of body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness and background variables Height (cm) and weight (kg) were measured to the nearest 0.1 using standard procedures allowing for the calculation of body mass index—BMI (kg/m 2 )—for each child. Relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition and blood pressure in school children June 2002 The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness 42(2):207-13 However, being fi… Body composition was determined by skinfold measurements. The results further demonstrate that when oxygen uptake measurement is not feasible, W(total) or P(max) (expressed per kilogram fat-free mass) seem to provide better indicators of aerobic power than endurance time.Publication Types: Clinical Trial, AB - Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht (NUTRIM), The Netherlands. In whites, MHO adolescents had lower (p = .055) liver fat compared with MUO adolescents. The primary outcomes were changes in percentage body fat and in maximum oxygen uptake (VO 2max). A number of additional factors effect cardiorespiratory fitness, but body composition is a big one. Body composition analysis Cardiorespiratory fitness analysis Blood test (n = 34 probiotics n = 32 placebo) Figure 1. Linear regression was conducted to evaluate cross-sectional associations of the outcomes in relation to total PSE and scores computed for the individual PSE factors: (1) diet, (2) limit setting of unhealthful behaviors, and (3) PA. A cross-sectional analysis of baseline fitness data collected during preventive medical examination of 13,037 women aged 20 to 64 years evaluated at the Cooper Clinic in Dallas, Texas, from January 1, 1970, through December 30, 2004, who underwent a body composition assessment and a maximal treadmill exercise test. The observed differences in indicators of cardiorespiratory fitness between boys and girls were largely attributable to a difference in body composition. In 17 children, maximal oxygen consumption was measured. Describe the factors that influence the level of cardiorespiratory fitness a person is able to achieve. Conflicts of interest: All authors have no conflicts of interest to declare. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies, Maastricht University data protection policy, Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht (NUTRIM), The Netherlands. / Rump, P.; Gerver, W.J.M. Use of probiotic supplements, the benefits of which have not been proven in sportspeople, is … p.rump@hb.unimaas.nlAbstract.Relations between frequently used indicators of cardiorespiratory fitness, sex and body composition were studied in a birth-cohort based sample of young prepubescent children (age range: 6.8 - 8.2 years). Diet, exercise and behaviour modification remain the cornerstones of obesity management. ; Hornstra, G. T1 - Body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness indicators in prepubescent boys and girls, N2 - Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht (NUTRIM), The Netherlands. abstract = "Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht (NUTRIM), The Netherlands. However, the most efficacious exercise prescription to improve anthropometry, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and metabolic health … Refugee Somali women were invited to participate in sessions to assess physical fitness and body measurements. Background: Cardiorespiratory fitness and body fatness are both related to health, but their interrelation to all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality is unknown. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.08.024. Fat-free mass was positively related to W(total), P(max) and absolute oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1)). Body composition was determined by skinfold measurements. The Bruce treadmill test was used to assess submaximal heart rate, endurance time (ET), calculated total work (W(total)) and maximal power output (P(max)) in 100 children (50 boys, 50 girls). Absolute oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1)) was related to W(total) and P(max). In 17 children, maximal oxygen consumption was measured. PURPOSE:We compared body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) between metabolically healthy overweight/obese (MHO) versus metabolically unhealthy overweight/obese (MUO) adolescents in 189 black and white adolescents (BMI ≥ 85th percentile, 12-18 years of age). Percent body fat was negatively associated with ET and relative oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1) x kg(-1)) and was positively related to submaximal heart rate at 6 minutes exercise (HR6). Aerobic exercise forces the body to provide extra oxygen to the muscles. Absolute oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1)) was related to W(total) and P(max). Probiotic therapy had a positive effect on selected parameters of body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness of study participants and showed a tendency to reduce inflammation. Relative oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1) x kg(-1)) was related to ET. @article{57e4c8d9e865412080dcd7ad865d1632. Body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness indicators in prepubescent boys and girls. Epidemiological researches have found that not only obesity but also cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) plays a pivotal role in the prevalence of CVD. Although cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is determined by a number of nonmodifiable factors, such as gender, age, and genetic factors, it has also been considered in recent years an objective indicator of physical activity and used to assess the relationship between physical activity and health status [30,31]. Current international guidelines recommend people living with obesity should be prescribed a minimum of 300 min of moderately intense activity per week for weight loss. Here we focus on how fat mass and lean tissues affect cardiorespiratory fitness, with emphasis on their effects on peak oxygen consumption. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review. Relative oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1) x kg(-1)) was related to ET. Height, bodyweight and waist and hip circumference were measured. Independent of race, the MHO phenotype is characterized by high CRF, lower waist circumference and visceral fat, and lower rates of dysglycemia in youth. We examined the health effects of body composition among 21925 men after taking cardiorespiratory fitness into account. Participants were defined as MHO or MUO if their insulin-stimulated glucose disposal, measured by a 3-hour hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp, was in the upper quartile or in the lower three quartiles. Body composition was measured using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and cardiorespiratory fitness using cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET). © 2018 Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. Relationship between body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness in Japanese junior high school boys and girls. Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy provides measures of brain chemistry that are sensitive to cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition. author = "P. Rump and W.J.M. 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